In order to ensure open research, learning and innovation in the future, DEFF will focus on five main areas in the period 2018-2019. You can find the vision, mission and strategic objectives of DEFF in our "openness, access and sharing"-strategy.

Five priorities of 2018-2019:

1. Digital information literacy across the educational institutions
2. Research data management

3. Publishing economy and R&D output of the future
4. Research evaluation, indicators and metrics
5. Citizen Science

Digital information literacy across the educational institutions

Access to knowledge, maintenance support and compatible infrastructures are necessary factors in the effort to create the best possible conditions for research, learning and innovation in Denmark. However, they cannot stand alone: Information literacy, educational opportunities and digital training that prepare both students and researchers for a digital world with more sharing, open access and new possibilities for collaboration, are necessary in order to secure that all new developments are utilized to the full extent.The future allows us to share more quickly and furthermore provides us with more social and automated forms of learning and researching. Additionally the access to both knowledge material, as well as the research process’ different levels of co-creation, co-operation and increased transparency, are opened. This provides us with a lot of opportunities that call for an upgrading of skills among students, teachers and researchers on all levels of the Danish education system. DEFF’s scope across these institutions provides a unique possibility of creating a coherent effort that will ensure an update fully adapted to the modern, digital reality.This effort could touch on subjects like digital literacy, ethics and scientific conduct, as well as new, digital forms of knowledge and teaching - or digital student mobility that aims to provide Danish students with international mobility across the world with regard to data and qualifications.

Focus area goals

  • DEFF wishes to support projects that improve information literacy across the educational institutions.
  • DEFF wishes to support projects that improve the general digital education of students in the Danish educational institutions
  • DEFF wishes to support projects that improve the digital literacy of teachers and researchers on all levels of the Danish education system

Research data management

The Danish Code of Conduct for Research Integrity of 2014 established that Danish research that comply with the rules of proper scientific conduct must include a plan for the management of research data. At present DEFF, DeIC and the Danish research institutions are carrying out a thorough and ambitious project of updating the Danish data management procedures - both with regard to the general level of competence as well as the technical skills. In 2016 the Council of the European Union signed ”The transition towards an Open Science system” that establishes that FAIR data (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) will be introduced across the EU. This objective calls for Denmark to co-operate with international partners on a coherent infrastructure in the field of data management. A concrete European co-operation, based on the standards of FAIR, that will be implemented in 2017-18 is the European Open Science Cloud. EOSC is a concrete data infrastructure that will lift the collective European Open Science effort. DEFF will, in co-operation with relevant partners, work to ensure that Denmark can contribute to and benefit from the increased European co-operation.

Focus area goals

  • DEFF wishes to support projects that promote the implementation of the FAIR principles for research data in Denmark in accordance with the European development
  • DEFF wishes to support projects that promote a coherent infrastructure in the field of data management
  • DEFF wishes to ensure projects that extend the knowledge of FAIR data management - as well as raise the general level of competence - to target groups that would benefit from it.

Publishing economy and R&D output of the future

DEFF is the initiator of the Open Access debate in Denmark. DEFF wishes to continue its focus on the transition to Open Access in accordance with the current strategy for this area. However, the publishing economy of the future is to be seen in the light of the possibilities that online sharing and online communication offer. Where Open Access mainly is

about free and available access to publicly financed research articles and to a lesser extent books), the future's publishing landscape will also include other formats and take place through other channels. In a not so distant future it will not be unusual for a research article, for example in the field of medical research, to be produced almost without human intervention: High Performance Computers can process data volumes on a scale that is incomprehensible to the human brain, and furthermore they will be able to publish all the research relevant data points as an autogenerated research article - and in that way point the research community in the right direction. DEFF calls for support of these future publishing possibilities, both with regard to communication, technical skills and general level of competence. DEFF wishes to initiate the debate on which direction Danish research, education and innovation should take. In that way both the development of technical skills as well as the general level of competence in the Danish research and educational libraries can move forward in accordance with the publishing demands of the future. An increased connection between the academic research institutions and the more practically oriented university colleges and vocational educations should also be a part of the discussion. The Danish development of and adaptation to the future's publishing economy, with free access to data, tools and research results, demands a level of competence that DEFF will help to ensure is acquired already in the upper secondary schools.

Focus area goals:

  • DEFF wishes to support projects that promote the technical support of the future's research output.
  • With regard to this development DEFF wishes to support projects that promote the support of communication skills and the general level of competence through initiatives from upper secondary schools, vocational schools as well as universities.

Research evaluation, indicators and metrics

The evaluation and measuring of science is used by politicians and institutional leaders to ensure that they get the best result from investments and the distribution of resources - informally known as ‘impact’ and ‘effect’ - just as it creates transparency in the use of these funds.

Measurements, monitoring and evaluations do, however, have an effect on what they are measuring. Additionally the current evaluation standards, efficiency analysis tools and performance indicators are often used on other levels than they originally were intended for - methods for ranking academic journals are, for example, used to evaluate the individual researcher. As research, education and innovation with Open Science are all radically changing these years, new and updated methods for evaluation and measuring effectiveness are required. The politically defined goals of an increased dissemination of sharable, reusable and available research data (FAIR data) are, for example, being obstructed in the current publishing economy that encourages the individual researcher to maximize his/her own publication output - as opposed to contribute to the collective opening and spreading of research efforts and results. As it is pointed out in The Danish Council for Independent Research’s report “Impact - Tools and  methods for measuring the impact of research”, there is not just one universal research indicator that can contain the many differences that occur across the many research disciplines. The European Commission has also - in the report “Next-generation metrics” - provided a series of recommendations for new metrics and evaluation methods that support sharing, proper scientific conduct and further transition to Open Science.

Focus area goals:

  • DEFF wishes to support projects that improve the process of research evaluation to a level that better supports an international Open Science development.

Citizen Science

With the possibilities of online sharing of, for example data, new opportunities arise for a greater level of citizen involvement with regard to research processes. This new field of knowledge is often referred to as Citizen Science. A higher degree of citizen involvement has a wide range of potentials that could benefit the Danish research, learning and, not least, innovation. The introduction of a FAIR data infrastructure supports the citizens’ collection of research relevant data. As examples we could mention ornithologists that register data on the birds’ breeding territories, or local historical associations’ great knowledge of the Danish villages - these could, with the right data processing, benefit the research done in universities and university colleges. Additionally the tools, materials and resources that were previously only available to the professional researcher through Open Science, could be made available to the hobby researcher as well. Citizen Science also has the potential to utilize the fact that the digital spaces online provide much easier access to a larger, collective brain. A remarkable example is the University of Washington’s online computer game “Foldit” that allows computer players from all over the world to examine complex protein structures. Even though the computer player does not necessarily feel that he/she is doing research, the research team receives thousands of bids on how to understand the structure of proteins. Ultimately the many inputs help to cure i.a. cancer and alzheimer's in a more effective way than the university staff could on their own. Along with the development towards Open Science, DEFF will work to ensure that these open and coherent services are also being used for citizen involvement on a larger scale. This could also contribute to the voluntary improvement of the public’s general level of competence with regard to communication and innovation - as well as help to legitimize and promote research and new innovative features

Focus area goals:

  • DEFF wishes to support projects that, on a technical level, can assist in the promotion of Citizen Science in Denmark.DEFF wishes to support projects that work to increase the knowledge of Citizen Science
Siden er sidst opdateret: 03.01.2018
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